Espirales Revista Multidisciplinaria de investigación 2022-10-11T15:37:00-04:00 Oswaldo Turpo Gervera Open Journal Systems <table> <tbody> <tr> <td><img style="width: 150px; height: auto; padding-right: 15px;" src="" /></td> <td> <p>Espirales. Revista multidisciplinaria de investigación with <a href="">ISSN: 2550-6862</a> is an edited by <a href="">Grupo Compás</a>. All the material submitted to the journal for publication and accepted by the Editorial Committee in attention to its quality and relevance is subjected to review by peer specialists in the corresponding fields of knowledge. Espirales. Revista multidisciplinaria de investigación is a scientific journal dedicated to the quarterly publication of articles of original research results in Spanish, English and Portuguese which covers a variety of topics related to several knowledge areas of the social sciences. The papers are published the first 5 days of the months of January, April, July, October</p> <p>The journal does not maintain any charge for review, editing or publication processes and is indexed in.</p> <p><a href="">EBSCO</a></p> <p><a href="">Scientific Indexing Services</a></p> <p><a href="ón">REDID</a></p> <p><a href="">Latindex Catálogo 2.0</a></p> <p><a href=";hl=es&amp;authuser=3">Googles academico</a></p> <p><a href="">MIAR</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Kruskal-Wallis, Friedman and Mood nonparametric tests applied to business decision making 2022-10-07T12:50:53-04:00 Carlos Ernesto Flores Tapia Karla Lissette Flores Cevallos <p>The post COVID-19 crisis scenario demands continuous improvement in the quality of the products and services offered, supported by administrative and statistical tools that optimize business decision-making. In this research, three non-parametric statistical tests -Kruskal-Wallis, Friedman and Mood's median- are applied to three case studies in order to test the hypotheses posed, respectively: whether the distributions of the populations of the units sold by a distribution company are equal for three types of inputs, whether the stress levels differ or not for three types of work modalities in an automobile commercialization company and whether the medians of production yields in an agricultural company are equal or not for four varieties of fruit. &nbsp;The solution is sought using standard procedures for each of the nonparametric tests.</p> 2022-10-11T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Carlos Ernesto Flores Tapia, Karla Lissette Flores Cevallos Financial education in centennials: evidence from students of public and private educational institutions in the city of Loja, Ecuador 2022-10-11T01:43:16-04:00 Jorge Luis Lopez-Lapo Silvana Elizabeth Hernández Ocampo Neusa Cecilia Cueva Jiménez Maritza Jackeline Peña Vélez Germania del Pilar Sarmiento Castillo <p>Financial education is a process through which people obtain greater knowledge about financial products and services. The objective of this research is to measure the level of financial education of "centennials" in public and private educational institutions in the city of Loja. The methodology used is of an exploratory-descriptive type, for the collection of information a survey based on the PISA test was used, which was applied to 360 students from 11 institutions of the public and private system, aged between 14 and 18 years old. The results show that the financial knowledge of the students is located at level 4 according to the PISA performance levels and that men have greater financial knowledge in relation to women, so it is necessary to implement financial education programs that allow students to reduce risk and minimize errors in decision making by improving their basic financial knowledge.</p> 2022-10-11T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jorge Luis Lopez-Lapo, Silvana Elizabeth Hernández Ocampo, Neusa Cecilia Cueva Jiménez, Maritza Jackeline Peña Vélez, Germania del Pilar Sarmiento Castillo Pilot diagnostic study of a Facility Management System according to the ISO 41001 standard in Spanish hospitals 2022-10-08T23:20:50-04:00 Manuel Madroñal-Ortiz Diego Cuartas-Ramírez Ibet Patricia Bustamante-Correa Marisol Osorio <p>Healthcare institutions lacked tools to evaluate existing management systems linked to support activities and services aligned to the Facility Management discipline. The publication of the ISO 41001 standard has provided the structure and content for the establishment of this type of management systems. The authors of this paper developed the first version of a diagnostic tool for a Facility Management system in the health sector and sought to test it in hospitals familiar with ISO management system audits. Eleven members of Spanish hospitals were selected for two questionnaires and an interview. Subsequently, a quantitative analysis of the questionnaires was carried out to obtain the average of the responses on a maturity scale of Facility Management activities and, on the other hand, a qualitative analysis of the interview responses. The results showed that the hospitals interviewed have an intermediate level according to the systems maturity scale; however, the interviewees stated that this tool does not support objective answers.</p> 2022-10-11T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Manuel Madroñal-Ortiz, Diego Cuartas-Ramírez, Ibet Patricia Bustamante-Correa, Marisol Osorio "Energize my business": towards a social appropriation of solar technology 2022-10-11T05:17:55-04:00 Andrea Medina Téllez Girón Karla G. Cedano Villavicencio <p>This article proposes a strategy for social appropriation of solar technology through a workshop called "Energize my business" which was based on educational design research. The workshop was based on the assumption that appropriation implies both obtaining solar technology equipment and training in energy literacy. The goal was to enable the beneficiaries to self-identify their energy demand and solar solutions as a way to empower their businesses. The sample was a group of three women between 48 and 53 years of age with businesses: tamalería, fonda and handicrafts in soaps and candles. The workshop followed 4MAT's instructional design.</p> 2022-10-11T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Andrea Medina Téllez Girón, Karla G. Cedano Villavicencio Domestic market share by routes, frequencies and airlines to and from the Quito International Airport 2022-10-09T00:31:33-04:00 María Gracia Ribadeneira Páez Jonathan Luis Cruz-Pierard <p>The objective of this study was to identify the market share of domestic commercial air transportation by routes, frequencies and airlines from Mariscal Sucre International Airport during the weekly period from June 20 to 24, 2022. Through descriptive quantitative research, which sought to specify characteristics, variables and relevant concepts to measure the domestic market share. Through the results obtained, it is concluded that of the four airlines that operate domestic flights in Ecuador, Latam Airlines showed dominance in this market by routes and frequencies to and from the Mariscal Sucre International Airport in Quito during the weekly period from June 20 to 24, 2022.</p> 2022-10-11T00:00:00-04:00 Copyright (c) 2022 María Gracia Ribadeneira Páez, Jonathan Luis Cruz-Pierard